Dr. Karin Hastik: Variations Between Jung’s and Freud’s Theories by Dr. Karin Hastik
Dr. Karin Hastik has discovered from a lot her years of schooling that Freud and Jung shared a relationship of many many years, as Jung, the junior associate, discovered extra about Freud’s theories of the unconscious. Maybe thankfully, to trendy psychology, Jung later got here to reject a few of Freud’s theories, and leant towards his personal technique of psychology which he referred to as analytical. Dr. Karin Hastik discovered that each males drew on the idea of the unconscious as a approach of explaining goals, however Jung drew extra on a multi-layered idea of the unconscious. The first variations between Freud and Jung are fascinating to watch.
Dr. Karin Hastik sees that a primary issue which separates the 2 psychiatrists pertains to faith. Freud usually felt faith was an escape and a fallacy, which ought to not be propagated. His relationship to faith resembles that of Karl Marx; faith was “opiate” of the plenty. His religion was absolutely within the thoughts’s capacity to entry its unconscious ideas, in outcome curing any neuroses.
Jung conversely believed that faith was an essential place of security for the person as she or he started the method of individuation, exploring and accepting all elements of the self. Dr. Karin Hastik explains that faith additional was a way of communication between all kinds of individuals, as a result of though religions differed, the archetypes and symbols remained the identical.
Jung didn’t apply a standard Christian faith, however fairly leaned towards exploring the occult. Dr. Karin Hastik factors out that in a few of Freud’s letters, he accuses Jung of anti-Semitism based mostly not a lot on the acceptance of Judaism as a faith, however fairly on discrimination towards Jews generally. Nevertheless, Jung’s respect for the spiritual features of Jewish life was higher than Freud’s.
Freud and Jung disagreed on what constituted the unconscious. Freud seen the unconscious as a set of photographs, similar to ideas and experiences the person refused to course of, which result in neuroses. Jung added to this definition by stating that every particular person additionally possessed a collective unconscious, a gaggle of shared photographs and archetypes widespread to all people. Dr. Karin Hastik explains that these typically bubbled as much as the floor of the private unconscious. Goals could possibly be higher interpreted by understanding the symbolic reference factors of universally shared symbols.
Freud believed that the principal driving pressure behind women and men’s actions was expressed or repressed sexuality. Unfulfilled sexuality led to pathological circumstances. Jung believed that intercourse constituted solely one of many many issues that drive people. Dr. Karin Hastik goes on to elucidate that, extra importantly, people are pushed by their want to realize individuation, wholeness or full information of the self. Many feelings drive people to behave in psychologically unhealthy methods, however all these methods have been a eager for the will to really feel full.
The unconscious to Freud was the storage facility for all repressed sexual wishes, thus leading to pathological or psychological sickness. Dr. Karin Hastik goes on to notice that, solely by way of laying naked the unconscious might an individual uncover methods to stay fortunately and recuperate from psychological sickness. Conversely, Jung felt that the unconscious typically strove by itself for wholeness, and that psychological sickness was not pathology, however an unconscious regulation of feelings and saved expertise tending towards individuation.
Dr. Karin Hastik acknowledges that the objective of the therapist, in accordance with Jung, was to assist the individual acknowledge the work of the unconscious, and thus to help the affected person in understanding how higher to attempt for individuation which might produce a “entire” individual.
Dr. Karin Hastik recollects that, whereas Freud tends towards a really masterful means of storming the unconscious to denude it of repressed emotions, Jung’s path is extra according to the later humanist psychologists. It evokes the holistic Gestalt faculty, and later therapeutic faculties.
Everyone knows that the thought of an unconscious is usually virtually universally accepted, but neither Freud nor Jung felt that after an evidence, continued therapeutic work was vital. Dr. Karin Hastik finds that later psychoanalytic faculties like these which posit behavioral modifications have proved extra profitable in treating psychological sickness. As soon as underlying emotions are understood, the work then lies in serving to to negate these emotions and substitute them with extra constructive ideas. This work is one thing each Freud and Jung ignored. But we’re indebted to each theorists for his or her contributions to psychiatry. In impact to this, they’re credited with starting the sector of psychiatry.